The Difference Between Perfect Pitch and Relative Pitch
As singers, having good pitch is an absolute must. If your pitch is off then it doesn’t matter how well you’re singing, you’ll still sound bad because your notes will be clashing with the rest of the music.
So now we know why pitch is so important, you might be surprised to discover that there are in fact two types of pitch: Perfect Pitch and Relative Pitch.
1. Perfect Pitch
Perfect Pitch is the ability to identify a note or sing a note without it being played on an instrument first. So if I was to say to you ‘sing middle C’ you would be able to without needing me to play it on the piano first.
Pretty crazy right!? Well, only a small percentage of the population actually has this ability and many experts argue that you need to develop it as a child otherwise you will never develop it as an adult.
Personally, at this point in time I don’t have 100% Perfect Pitch (I do have it to some degree) BUT I am taking steps to see if I can develop it fully just as an experiment. (If I do manage to develop it, I’ll let you know!)
The reason Perfect Pitch is good for singers is because if enables you to do more as a musician for example:
- You know 100% that you are singing exactly in tune
- You can sight sing very easily
- You can start a song for a band without needing an introduction to get your starting note
- Writing arrangements and harmony becomes a lot easier with Perfect Pitch
However, Perfect Pitch has a downside. It also means that when someone is singing slightly out of tune it hurts your ears and so obtaining it can be both a blessing and a curse.
So what is the alternative? Meet Relative Pitch.
2. Relative Pitch
Relative Pitch is the ability to easily identify the relationship (i.e the distance) between two notes. What this means, is that if a piano plays middle C as a start note, if you have good Relative Pitch you will be able to sing any melody from that point on perfectly in tune.
In fact, most musicians say that having good Relative Pitch is more important than having Perfect Pitch because singing melodies is all about knowing your intervals (i.e the distance between two notes) – which is what Relative Pitch is all about.
Relative Pitch goes a lot further than Perfect Pitch as well. It means you can hear the quality of a chord (i.e you can tell if that chord is Major or Minor for example) right up to being able to easily identify chord progressions of songs (yes, we’re getting technical).
For now, I just wanted you to know the difference between the two types of pitch and to become aware that you will need to work on, at the very least, improving your Relative Pitch.
And how we do this is through Ear Training.
Here are a couple of free Ear Training videos I’ve done for you:
Then if you really want to super charge your musical hearing, I recommend taking the David Lucas Burge Ear Training SUPERCOURSE!!! Dah dah daaaaaaa! (that was my dramatic music sound effect)
But seriously, I only ever recommend other people’s courses and products if I’ve tried them myself and know they work and the David Lucas Burge Ear Training courses really get results.
He has two courses, the Relative Pitch course (below) and the Perfect Pitch course. I recommend starting with the Relative Pitch course because as a singer, I feel its the most important type of pitch to develop.
Click here to find out more about the Ear Training SUPERCOURSE! (haha – I just love saying that): if you get the course, you’ll know why. In all his intros, he says this with a really dramatic voice and it cracks me up every time.
I hope this post has explained everything you need to know about the difference between Perfect and Relative Pitch and if you’ve got any more questions, hit me up in the comments below or on Facebook.